Even if nurses are certain about the incompetence of the investigator, which is usually very difficult, they have to deal with serious dilemmas.
In this study, rural black men were chosen as subjects in a study of syphilis. Authors and researchers have an ethical obligation to ensure the accuracy, publication and dissemination of the result of research,[ 4 ] as well as disclosing to publishers relevant corrections, retractions and errata, to protect scientific integrity of published evidence.
Published reports were included if they involved research with human subjects who were IDPs or refugees, if the study population pertained to one of the 22 Arab countries of the League of the Arab States, if they were peer reviewed articles, and if they were written in English.
Oddi L. Kilpi H. It is best to have this discussion before writing the research paper. When human beings are involved, all the ethical issues, discussed above, must be taken into account.
This means choosing an ethical behavior even if it delays your work or means not getting published quickly in a prestigious journal. The Declaration of Helsinki established ethical principles applied to clinical research involving human participants.
A number of ways forward derived from practical research experiences in different humanitarian settings have been suggested to guide fieldwork and research in these contexts [ 2459 ].