Essays montaigne experience
Montaigne on experience quotes
Whoever has fortified himself valiantly to bear the accidents of common life need not raise his courage to be a soldier: Vivere, mi Lucili, militare est. Essentially, Montaigne disregards the entire study of philosophy up until his own time and replaces it with his own idea of philosophy. I complain that they did not keep up the fashion, begun after the example of kings, to change our napkin at every service, as they do our plate. There is no quality so universal in this image of things as diversity and variety. There, we find in the Journal, of his own accord the Essayist lived in the strictest conformity with the regime, and henceforth we only hear of diet, the effect which the waters had by degrees upon system, of the manner in which he took them; in a word, he does not omit an item of the circumstances connected with his daily routine, his habit of body, his baths, and the rest. So that when I have the stone, I look upon it as physic; when free from it, as an absolute deliverance. Christianity in the 15th and 16th centuries saw protestant authors consistently attempting to subvert Church doctrine with their own reason and scholarship. I hardly ever choose my dish at table, but take the next at hand, and unwillingly change it for another. This is the reason, Monsieur, why, although persons of an ingenious turn laugh at our care as to what will happen after our own time, for instance, to our souls, which, lodged elsewhere, will lose all consciousness of what goes on here below, yet I consider it to be a great consolation for the frailty and brevity of life, to reflect that we have the power of prolonging it by reputation and fame; and I embrace very readily this pleasant and favourable notion original with our being, without inquiring too critically how or why it is.
Indeed, everything about our passions and, above all, our imaginationspeaks against achieving that perfect tranquillity the classical thinkers saw as the highest philosophical goal. I do the same when I am well; I can see very little more to be hoped or wished for.
The most grievous and ordinary evils are those that fancy loads us with; this Spanish saying pleases me in several aspects: Defenda me Dios de me. And, which is worse, thou hast no longer anything that should make thee desire to be cured.
Now if I feel anything stirring, do not fancy that I trouble myself to consult my pulse or my urine, thereby to put myself upon some annoying prevention; I shall soon enough feel the pain, without making it more and longer by the disease of fear.
Montaigne of experience explanation
There lately died of the stone a man of that profession, who had made use of extreme abstinence to contend with his disease: his fellow-physicians say that, on the contrary, this abstinence had dried him up and baked the gravel in his kidneys. This humour of his yet aimed at another end, to make me familiar with the people and the condition of men who most need our assistance; considering that I should rather regard them who extend their arms to me, than those who turn their backs upon me; and for this reason it was that he provided to hold me at the font persons of the meanest fortune, to oblige and attach me to them. In particular, it was proven by the nobility each showed in facing their deaths. Rather, his essays were exploratory journeys in which he works through logical steps to bring skepticism to what is being discussed. If thou tellest me that it is a dangerous and mortal disease, what others are not so? Still I see well that, if you think proper to balance accounts with the author, you will find yourself much his debtor; for against his excellent and religious discourses, his lofty and, so to speak, divine conceptions, you will find that you will have to set nothing but words and phraseology; a sort of merchandise so ordinary and commonplace, that whoever has the most of it, peradventure is the worst off. For every foot its own shoe. The malady which tormented him grew only worse and worse with years; and yet he occupied himself continually with reading, meditating, and composition.
Good night, my wife; go thy way. I have picked up charity boys to serve me: who soon after have quitted both my kitchen and livery, only that they might return to their former course of life; and I found one afterwards, picking mussels out of the sewer for his dinner, whom I could neither by entreaties nor threats reclaim from the sweetness he found in indigence.
Let us a little permit Nature to take her own way; she better understands her own affairs than we.
It points the way to a new kind of solution, and could in fact enlighten us. Let us but listen to it; we apply to ourselves all whereof we have principal need; whoever shall call to memory how many and many times he has been mistaken in his own judgment, is he not a great fool if he does not ever after suspect it? To my weakness, so often confessed, I owe the propension I have to modesty, to the obedience of belief prescribed me, to a constant coldness and moderation of opinions, and a hatred of that troublesome and wrangling arrogance, wholly believing and trusting in itself, the capital enemy of discipline and truth. As soon as the will was signed, the chamber being full, he asked me if it would hurt him to talk. The insight into human nature provided by his essays, for which they are so widely read, is merely a by-product of his introspection. Of all egotists, Montaigne, if not the greatest, was the most fascinating, because, perhaps, he was the least affected and most truthful. The good inns, the soft beds, the fine views, attracted his notice at every point, and in his observations on men and things he confines himself chiefly to the practical side. Whether or no, common necessity will soon call thee away.
The goodness and capacity of the governor ought absolutely to discharge us of all care of the government: philosophical inquisitions and contemplations serve for no other use but to increase our curiosity.
Of cannibals and cruelties If there is one form of argument Montaigne uses most often, it is the sceptical argument drawing on the disagreement amongst even the wisest authorities.
Of all egotists, Montaigne, if not the greatest, was the most fascinating, because, perhaps, he was the least affected and most truthful. Furthermore, his Essays were seen as an important contribution to both writing form and skepticism.
Montaigne on love
As the Stoics say that vices are profitably introduced to give value to and to set off virtue, we can, with better reason and less temerity of conjecture, say that nature has given us pain for the honour and service of pleasure and indolence. If I find them worse tomorrow, I will provide new stratagems. According to Lacroix du Maine, Montaigne, upon the death of his eldest brother, resigned his post of Councillor, in order to adopt the military profession, while, if we might credit the President Bouhier, he never discharged any functions connected with arms. Always, these emotions dwell on things we cannot presently change. Then he turned to his wife. In short, every nation has many customs and usages that are not only unknown to other nations, but savage and miraculous in their sight. What have our legislators gained by culling out a hundred thousand particular cases, and by applying to these a hundred thousand laws? We find in these accounts, however, many touches which are valuable as illustrating the manners of the place. Death is more abject, more languishing and troublesome, in bed than in a fight: fevers and catarrhs as painful and mortal as a musket-shot. In private is another story. They make such a description of our maladies as a town crier does of a lost horse or dog—such a color, such a height, such an ear—but bring it to him and he knows it not, for all that.
Relish and pungency in sauces were pleasant to me when young; my stomach disliking them since, my taste incontinently followed. I beseech and direct that thou often call to mind the friendship which was betwixt us; but I do not wish thee to mourn for me too much—an injunction which, so far as it is in my power, I lay on all my friends, since it might seem that by doing so they felt a jealousy of that blessed condition in which I am about to be placed by death.
He remained in the capital some time on this occasion, and it was now that he met for the first time Mademoiselle de Gournay.
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