Definition of homonymy

Definition of homonymy

Walter de Gruyter, "Dictionaries recognize the distinction between polysemy and homonymy by making a polysemous item a single dictionary entry and making homophonous lexemes two or more separate entries. Both the 'financial bank' and the 'river bank' meanings derive by a process of metonymy and metaphor , respectively from Old French banc 'bench. Traditional linguistic criteria for distinguishing homonymy from polysemy, although no doubt helpful, in the end turn out to be insufficient. Richard Nordquist is a freelance writer and former professor of English and Rhetoric who wrote college-level Grammar and Composition textbooks. At present, there are four alternatives of how to consider human with regard to homonymy or synonymy, including: i restricted range synonymy, or RRS, according to which human is synonymous in each special sphere of application though not globally ; ii de-linking, according to which human is synonymous as a generic property, but homonymous if considered as referring to reason plus deliberation; iii dual deliberation synonymy, or DDS, according to which human is synonymous given the assumption that deliberation admits of different kinds; iv related homonymy, RH, as a possibility if the first three options fail. The words bow and bough are examples where there are two meanings associated with a single pronunciation and spelling the weapon and the knot ; two meanings with two different pronunciations the knot and the act of bending at the waist , and two distinct meanings sharing the same sound but different spellings bow, the act of bending at the waist, and bough, the branch of a tree. The form pupil, for instance, has two different senses, 'part of the eye' and 'school child. Homonyms are a special case, and they are best thought of as the center portion of a Venn diagram that shows the overlap between homophones in one half and homographs in the other. Along with being and goodness, Aristotle also accepts or at times accepts the homonymy or multivocity of: life, oneness, cause, source or principle, nature, necessity, substance, the body, friendship, part, whole, priority, posteriority, genus, species, the state, justice, and many others. These meanings represent at least three etymologically separate lexemes , but share the one form, fluke.

Along with being and goodness, Aristotle also accepts or at times accepts the homonymy or multivocity of: life, oneness, cause, source or principle, nature, necessity, substance, the body, friendship, part, whole, priority, posteriority, genus, species, the state, justice, and many others.

Continue Reading. At present, there are four alternatives of how to consider human with regard to homonymy or synonymy, including: i restricted range synonymy, or RRS, according to which human is synonymous in each special sphere of application though not globally ; ii de-linking, according to which human is synonymous as a generic property, but homonymous if considered as referring to reason plus deliberation; iii dual deliberation synonymy, or DDS, according to which human is synonymous given the assumption that deliberation admits of different kinds; iv related homonymy, RH, as a possibility if the first three options fail.

Julie K. The bottom line about homonyms? His preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to almost every subject of inquiry he considers, and it clearly structures the philosophical methodology that he employs both when criticizing others and when advancing his own positive theories.

Examples and Observations "Homonyms are illustrated from the various meanings of the word bear animal, carry or ear of body, of corn. The distinction between homonymy and polysemy is not an easy one to make.

homonymy definition biology

Several similar linguistic concepts are related to homonymy. A simple example of a homonym is the word "pen. Homonym Examples Here are 30 more examples of homonyms.

Homophone

Similarly, flower and flour were originally 'the same word,' and so were the verbs to poach a way of cooking in water and to poach 'to hunt [animals] on another person's land' , but the meanings are now far apart and all dictionaries treat them as homonyms, with separate listing. However, it is rather difficult to compare these phenomena. We speak of homonymy Homonymie if different words happen to be identical in expression form, i. See similar articles. Oxford University Press, Homonymy and polysemy are often discussed as being the same sort of relationship between words. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 6th ed. Either way, the spelling is the same, but not the meaning or the sound.

The distinction between homonymy and polysemy is usually made on the basis of the relatedness of the senses: polysemy involves related senses, whereas the senses associated with homonymous lexemes are not related. Thus head is one entry and bank is entered twice.

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Examples of Homonyms