Johnson stated that the aim of the Vietnam War was to secure an "independent, non-Communist South Vietnam ", a January memorandum by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara stated that an underlying justification was "not to help a friend, but to contain China".
By early October, however, we may recommend such actions depending on GVN progress and Communist reaction in the meantime, especially to US naval patrols. I just didn't feel there was any breach of national security, in the sense that we were giving secrets to the enemy.
The war was driven by a determination that Vietnam would not become communist whatever the views of the Vietnamese people.
There is no evidence in the book that any of the high officials running the war in the U. He had worked as an aide to McNaughton from tohad worked on the study for several months inand Gelb and Halperin approved his access to the work at RAND in United States U. There was no high tech solution.
The country of South Vietnam was a U. When Gravel's request was reviewed by the U. But Sheehan found a source for this material. The profound effect of the release of the Pentagon Papers was due to the revelation that while the American people had been assured all was well and that victory would be coming, our leaders were grasping at everything they could think of knowing that there was little likelihood of success being told that repeatedly by the CIA and that the ally painted as courageous was a puppet that stood up only because Washington held the strings.
This 7,page study came to be known as the Pentagon Papers. Gravel asked the court in Gravel v. The Times and anyone found to be involved was indicted for criminal activity for their release, including Sheehan.